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Acute Renal Failure

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What is Acute Renal Failure?

Acute renal failure, also called acute kidney failure, happens when the patient’s kidney loses its ability to filter waste. Waste starts accumulating in the kidneys which disturbs the chemical makeup of the patient’s blood. The condition requires intensive care and treatment.


Symptoms of acute renal failure:

  • Fatigue


Causes of acute renal failure are:

  • Infection
  • Liver failure
  • Bladder cancer
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Blood clot
  • Dehydration


Risk of Acute Renal Failure include

  • Diabetes
  • Old age
  • Blockage in blood vessels
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure


Prevention methods of acute renal failure include:

  • Adequate hydration
  • Minimizing nephrotoxin pressure
  • Controlled blood sugar level
  • Maintenance of mean arterial pressure

How is it diagnosed?

Doctor may conduct the following test to confirm acute renal failure:


  • Kidney tissue test
  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Urine output