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What is Amblyopia?

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is an early childhood disorder of sight where the development of a child’s eyesight is not proper. The main focus of the brain is more on one eye than the other, resulting in decreased eyesight in other eye. The visual brain cells don’t mature generally if that eye is not stimulated in a proper way. If not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, this condition may cause lifelong vision loss. When it comes to research reports, this condition is estimated to affect 2-3% of all children.


Few symptoms that could be experienced are:

  • Blurred vision
  • Head tilting
  • Poor depth perception
  • Squint
  • An eye that wanders inward and outward 


The possible causes of this disease include:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Deprivation
  • Unequal refractive error
  • Misaligned eyes


The prime risk factors include:

  • Premature birth
  • Family history of lazy eye
  • Droopy eyelid
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Eyelid tumor


This condition can be prevented by the recognition and treatment of astigmatism, cataract, and other sight problems.

How is it diagnsed?

Your doctor will start by conducting a proper eye examination, checking for eye health, wandering eye, and distinction in sight between the eyes:

  • Complete eye exam
  • Visual acuity measurement
  • Slit lamp exam
  • Cyclopegic refraction
  • Retinal birefringence scanning