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What is Angina?

Angina is a term used for pain and discomfort felt in your chest. Also known as angina pectoris, angina is mainly caused by coronary heart disease. It is normally discussed as pressure, heaviness, pain or tightness in your chest. The blood supply to your heart is confined due to the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle. It is often brought on by an emotional upset, physical exertion or after a meal. This condition requires urgent medical attention as it may precede heart attack


The signs and symptoms related to angina are:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heaviness or tightness in your chest
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness


Some main causes of angina include:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Physical exertion
  • Exposure to extreme temperatures


The prime risk factors include:

  • Tobacco use
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • History of heart disease
  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels


  • Control high blood pressure
  • Stop smoking
  • Be physically active
  • Eat balanced diet
  • Reduce your cholesterol level

How is it diagnosed?

Your doctor will start by asking about your symptoms and by performing a physical exam. Based on the severity of your signs and symptoms, he might suggest you some tests.

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Coronary angiography
  • Chest X-ray
  • Heart scan
  • Blood scan