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Aortic Valve Stenosis

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What is Aortic Valve Stenosis?

Aortic stenosis or aortic valve stenosis occurs when the aortic valve of the heart narrows down. The narrowing of the aortic valve stops it from opening completely, which obstructs the flow of blood from the heart into the aorta and the rest of the body. Under this condition, the heart needs to exert harder in pumping blood to the body. This exertion from the heart’s end might cause the heart muscles to weaken, limiting the amount of blood being pumped. If somebody has a severe case of aortic valve, they will need a surgery to replace the damaged valve, or else it can lead to grave heart problems. Aortic stenosis majorly affects old people, as the valve that is defective usually hardens and narrows down.

The symptoms of aortic valve stenosis appear only when the narrowing of the valve is of a grave type. Recognizing the symptoms on your own will not be possible. Only a medical check up will discover the issue. The symptoms that are majorly experienced are:

  • Fainting because of excess exertion.
  • Pain in the chest and tightness.
  • Abnormal sound of the heart.
  • Fluttering sensation of the heart.
  • Excess of fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath.


The major causes include:

  • Rheumatic fever.
  • Calcium buildup on the valve.
  • Congenital heart defect.


The main risk factors associated with this disease include: 

  • Previous rheumatic fever.
  • Kidney disease that is chronic.
  • Deformed aortic valve.
  • Age.


In order to prevent the occurrence of the disease, one should take care of the following:

  • Steps to prevent the occurrence of the rheumatic fever.
  • Taking care of the teeth and gums.
  • Addressing the risk factors of coronary artery disease.

How is it diagnosed?

For a proper diagnosis of this disease, some physical examinations and a medical history review will be very helpful. At Sumitra hopsital, our medical expert would conduct the following tests:

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Brain natriuretic peptide
  • X-ray of the chest
  • Stress echocardiogram
  • Observing legs and feet
  • Checking for abnormal sounds of the heart or lungs
  • Take a blood pressure test
  • Pulse analysis