What is Asperger’s disease?
Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety. Anxiety in particular also refers to anticipation of a future concern and is associated more with muscle tension and avoidance behavior. These disorders can cause people to avoid situations and places that might cause them to feel trapped, helpless, panicking, embarrassed, and scared. Job performance, school work, and personal relationships can be affected. Anxiety disorder is the most common of mental disorders affecting majority of population. For people who have it, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming.
It is a serious mental illness, but proper treatment helps most people lead normal and productive lives.
The signs that commonly appear in a person suffering from this disorder are:
- Facing a lot of difficulty making friends with people of the same age. Children may only feel good with adults, or anyone younger to them.
- Engaging in one sided conversation, without knowing if the listener is really listening to or is trying to change the subject.
- Displaying nonverbal communication, such as lack of eye contact or awkward gestures.
- Insensitive to the feelings of a person, or having a hard time reading other’s mood or understanding the other person’s humour.
- Always self absorbed
- Speaking in a voice that is jerky or abnormally fast.
- Having a difficulty in understanding the nuances and depth of language, despite having a great vocabulary.
The cause of asperger’s disease is unknown. According to researchers, genetics remain to be one of the major factors. In some cases the following were accounted as the cause for this disease:
- Toxic exposure
- Complication during birth or pregnancy
- Prenatal infections
The following could be taken as risks factors of the disease:
- Being male
- Co-occurring mental disorder like anxiety or depression
- Tuberous sclerosis
- Tourette syndrome
As there is no concrete reason for this disease, there is no way it could be prevented. However early diagnosis can prevent further complications.
How is it diagnosed?
In case of children, this disease cannot be diagnosed until the child reaches a certain age between 4 – 11 years. If the child has reached the proper age, the disease can be diagnosed by behavioural patterns only.